Know the terms used by the weather forecasters:
- Freezing Rain - rain that freezes when it hits the ground, creating a coating of ice on roads and walkways.
- Sleet - rain that turns to ice pellets before reaching the ground. Sleet also causes roads to freeze and become slippery.
- Winter Weather Advisory - cold, ice and snow are expected.
- Winter Storm Watch - severe winter weather such as heavy snow or ice is possible within the next day or two.
- Winter Storm Warning - severe winter conditions have begun or are about to begin.
- Blizzard Warning - heavy snow and strong winds will produce a blinding snow, near zero visibility, deep drifts and life-threatening wind chill.
- Frost/Freeze Warning - below freezing temperatures are expected.
Gather emergency supplies:
- A battery-powered NOAA weather radio and battery-powered commercial radio with extra batteries.
- Food that doesn't require cooking.
- Extra water in clean soda bottles.
- Rock salt to melt ice on walkways, and sand to improve traction.
- Flashlights, battery-powered lamps and extra batteries in case of a power outage. (Candles are a fire hazard).
Prepare for possible isolation in your home:
- Make sure you have sufficient heating fuel. Regular fuel sources may be cut off.
- Have emergency heating equipment and fuel (a gas fireplace, wood burning stove, kerosene heater, or fireplace) so you can keep at least one room of your house warm enough to be livable. If your furnace is controlled by a thermostat and your electricity is cut off by a storm, you will need emergency heat. For safety, follow all manufacturers' instructions in the operation of heating equipment.
- If you have a fireplace, store a good supply of seasoned wood.
- Keep fire extinguishers on hand, and make sure your family knows how to use them.
- Winterize your home to extend the life of your fuel supply.
- Insulate walls and attics.
- Caulk and weather-strip doors and windows.
- Install storm windows or cover windows with plastic
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