Ponds can provide a great deal of benefit to the environment.
- They can store storm water during rains.
- They can improve water quality by allowing nutrients and pollutants a place to settle out of water.
- Ponds can also provide food, water and shelter for local wildlife.
For all these reasons, it is important that ponds are in good condition. A few simple tips are all it takes to keep your pond well maintained.
- Use fertilizers and lawn chemicals sparingly. Excess fertilizers can enter the storm drainage system and cause problems in nearby creeks and ponds.
- Never fertilize your lawn when rain is forecasted.
- Keep litter out of the pond and surrounding area.
- Never dump leaves or other yard waste in the pond.
- Maintain a healthy vegetation strip, or buffer, around the pond by leaving the vegetation height at least 12 inches high.
- Inspect your pond often for bank erosion, dam stability, excessive algae growth and water pollution.
How can I maintain the pond dam?
Keep the dam well vegetated with low-growing ground cover to avoid erosion of the dam. However, the roots from woody vegetation like trees and large shrubs could punch holes in the dam and compromise its integrity. Remove small woody vegetation if you can catch it early. But, once vegetation has a chance to grow past six inches in diameter, leave it alone. Cutting a tree with a root system that large would do more harm than good. Contact NCDENR Dam Safety officials in Mooresville at 704-663-1699 for regulations regarding dams.
How can I keep my pond from turning green with algae?
Some algae in your pond are okay, but excessive amounts of algae are caused by too much fertilizer. Once the algae have already bloomed it is important to keep the pond well aerated. Installing a fountain can accomplish that. Do not apply pesticides to our pond until you have consulted with a professional. Contact the NC Cooperative Extension Service at 704-336-2561 for information on aquatic pesticides.
How do I protect my pond from geese?
Allow the grass near the edge of the pond to remain at least 12 inches tall. This will act as a goose deterrent. Also, remember not to feed the geese.
For more information, please contact John Schrum 704-336-3927