If a Heat Wave is predicted or is happening do the following:
- Slow down and avoid strenuous activities. If you must do strenuous activities, do it during the coolest part of the day, which is usually in the morning between 4AM and 7 AM.
- Stay indoors as much as possible. If air conditioning is not available, stay on the lowest floor, out of the sunshine. Electric fans do not cool the air, but they do help sweat evaporate which cools the body.
- Wear lightweight, light colored clothing. Light colors will reflect away some of the sun's energy.
- Drink plenty of fluids, regularly and often. Your body needs fluid to keep cool. Drink, even if you do not feel thirsty.
- Water is the safest liquid to drink during heat emergencies. Avoid drinks with alcohol or caffeine in them. They can make you feel good briefly, but make the heat's effects on your body worse. This is especially true about beer, which actually dehydrates the body.
- Eat small meals and eat more often. Avoid foods that are high in protein, which increase metabolic heat.
- Avoid using salt tablets unless directed to do so by a physician.
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