Mecklenburg County Health Department
700 N. Tryon Street, Suite 208
Charlotte, NC 28202
Send an Email
(1) Name and address of owner and person responsible for animal;
(2) The date of entry and signature and address of individual to whom animal is released;
(3) Description of animal including breed, sex, age, and color markings;
(4) Record of vaccinations;
(1) Shall be structurally sound and maintained in good repair to protect the animals from injury; contain the animals and restrict the entrance of other animals and people.
(2) Shall have reliable and adequate electric power, if required, to comply with other provisions of the ordinance and adequate potable water shall be available.
(3) Shall have supplies of food and bedding which shall be stored in facilities which adequately protect such supplies against infestation or contamination by vermin; refrigeration shall be provided for supplies of perishable food.
(4) Shall have provisions for the removal and disposal of animal and food waste, bedding and debris, in order to assure facility will be maintained in a clean and sanitary manner.
(5) Shall have facilities such as washroom, basin or sink for maintaining cleanliness among animal caretakers and animal food and water receptacles.
(6) Shall measure an ambient temperature outside the primary enclosure at a distance not to exceed three feet from any one of the external walls and on a level parallel to the bottom of the primary enclosure at a point approximately half the distance between the top and the bottom of such enclosure.
(1) Indoor housing facilities for animals shall be sufficiently heated when necessary to protect the animals from cold and provide for their health and comfort. The ambient temperature shall not be allowed to fall below 50 degrees Fahrenheit for animal s not acclimated to lower temperatures.
(2) Indoor housing facilities for animals shall be adequately ventilated to provide for the health and comfort of the animals at all times. Such facilities shall be provided with fresh air either by means of windows, doors, vents or air conditioning an d shall be ventilated so as to minimize drafts, odors and moisture condensation. Ventilation shall be provided when ambient temperature is 85 degrees Fahrenheit or higher.
(3) Indoor housing facilities for animals shall have ample light by natural or artificial means or both be of good quality and well distributed. Such lighting shall provide uniformly distributed illumination of sufficient light intensity to permit routine inspection and cleaning during the entire working period. Primary enclosure shall be placed to protect the animals from excessive illumination.
(4) Interior building surfaces of indoor facilities shall be constructed and maintained so that they are substantially impervious to moisture, and may be readily sanitized.
(5) A suitable method shall be provided to rapidly eliminate excess water from indoor housing facilities. If closed drain systems are used, they shall be equipped with traps and installed to prevent odors and backup of sewage.
(1) When sunlight is likely to cause overheating and discomfort, sufficient shade shall be provided to allow all animals kept outdoors to protect themselves from the direct rays of the sun.
(2) Animals kept outdoors shall be provided with access to shelter to allow them to remain dry and comfortable during inclement weather.
(3) A suitable method shall be provided to rapidly eliminate excess water.
(1) All baby birds shall be separated from the adults until accepting food on their own; and new birds shall be placed in a cage separate from the existing stock and quarantined for ten (10) days for any signs of illness. Clean water and food container s shall be offered on a continuous basis and within easy reach of the quarantined bird. If any quarantined bird does show signs of illness, it shall be isolated from all other birds for proper treatment or be taken to an avian veterinarian. The purpose of a quarantine is to protect existing stocks of birds on premises from the introduction of disease and to determine whether or not the new additions are diseased.
(2) Cages shall have adequate room to prevent tails from touching cage floors when on perch and large enough to allow birds to open wings without touching cage sides. Perches shall be wood dowels of adequate size to afford secure, comfortable grip with enough space to allow all birds to sit comfortably on perches at the same time. Cages shall be cleaned daily and fresh paper placed in the bottom. All cages with adult birds shall have grates in the bottom to prevent contact with feces below.
(3) A good quality pelleted diet and/or seed should be offered continuously in an adequate number of containers to minimize competition for food. Fresh vegetables and fruit, if possible, shall be given on a daily basis. Clean water should be offered continuously. All food and water containers should be washed at least daily with hot soapy water to prevent contamination and the chance of spreading disease.
(4) Records on each bird shall include sufficient information to be able to trace a bird's origin in case of a disease outbreak.
(5) If any bird tests positive for Psittacosis or any disease contagious to humans, the testing veterinarian is required to report the results to the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services, which reports the results to the Mecklenburg County Health Department. The Health Director has the authority to contact the owner of the bird explaining the health risks and quarantine recommendation. Also, the Health Director has the authority to contact the facility where the bird was purchased requesting to see the records of the bird. The Health Director has the authority to contact the facility where the bird originated and may require testing of other birds at the facility to be assured there are no other infected birds. If there are other infected birds, he has the authority to quarantine the facility for up to 45 days and to require treatment with medicated feed of all birds in that facility.
(1) washing them with hot water (180 degrees Fahrenheit) and soap or detergent as in a mechanical cage washer; or
(2) washing all soiled surfaces with a detergent solution, rinse, followed by or in conjunction with a safe and effective disinfectant approved by the Health Director; or
(3) cleaning all soiled surfaces with live steam.
(1) Females in season (estrus) shall not be housed in the same primary enclosure with males, except for breeding purposes.
(2) Dogs shall not be housed in the same primary enclosure with cats, nor shall dogs or cats be housed in the same primary enclosure with any other species of animals.
(1) Programs of disease control and prevention, euthanasia, and adequate veterinary care shall be established and maintained under the supervision and assistance of a licensed veterinarian.
(2) Each animal shall be observed daily by the animal caretaker in charge, or by someone under his direct supervision. Sick or diseased, injured, lame, or blind animals shall be provided with veterinary care or humanely disposed of unless such action i s inconsistent with the research purposes for which such animal was obtained and is being held, provided however, that the provision shall not effect compliance with any state or local law requiring the holding, for a specified period, of animals suspected of being diseased. Obviously sick, diseased, or deformed animals will not be offered for sale or adoption.
(3) Prior to being offered for sale to the public, puppies and kittens shall have the vaccinations necessary to protect them from communicable diseases. This shall exclude a rabies vaccination, which may be postponed until the puppy or kitten is sold o r reaches four months of age.
(4) All animals shall be freed of internal and external parasites as much as possible by ordinary conventional treatment.
(1) Each animal in the vehicle has sufficient fresh air for normal breathing.
(2) The openings of such enclosures are easily accessible for emergency removals at all times.
(3) The animals are adequately protected from the elements. The ambient temperature shall not be allowed to exceed 95 degrees Fahrenheit at any time nor to exceed 85 degrees Fahrenheit for a period of more than four hours. The ambient temperature will not be allowed to fall below 50 degrees Fahrenheit unless animals are acclimated to lower temperatures.
(1) An area may be declared under quarantine against rabies by the Health Director when the disease exists to the extent that the lives of persons are endangered. When quarantine is declared, each animal in the area for which the quarantine is declared shall be confined to the premises of the owner or in a veterinary hospital. However, dogs or cats on a leash and under the control of a responsible adult may be permitted to leave the premises of the owner or the veterinary hospital. In addition, the Health Director may make other types of animals subject to the quarantine.
(2) When quarantine has been declared and animals subject to the quarantine run uncontrolled in the area, any peace officer, animal warden, or animal control officer shall have the right, after reasonable efforts have been made to apprehend the animals , to destroy the uncontrolled animals and properly dispose of their bodies.
(3) No animal included in the quarantine may be taken or shipped from the quarantined area during the quarantine period without written permission from the Health Director.
(1) the dog or cat had been vaccinated against rabies in accordance with this Ordinance more than three weeks prior to being bitten and is given a booster dose of rabies vaccine within three days of the bite, or;
(2) the animal (other than a dog or cat) had been vaccinated against rabies in accordance with standards recognized as appropriate by the Health Director.