This will help to create a more diverse, natural ecosystem that will better protect native species.
The project will begin as early as spring 2011 at Latta Plantation Nature Preserve and Cowan’s Ford Wildlife Refuge and eventually expand to Rural Hill Nature Preserve and, possibly, Haymarket Nature Preserve.
Loblolly pines are the most widely cultivated timber species planted primarily for lumber used in home construction. The fast-growing trees have experienced aggressive growth in mainly the Southeast over the last 75 years.
Loblolly pines make up about 265 acres, or about four percent, of nature preserve land in Mecklenburg County. Most of these plantations have never undergone any type of forest management, resulting in an excess number of loblolly pines. The consequences are that many of the pines are not in good shape for high-quality timber production or wildlife habitat.
The timber management project will call for loblolly pines to be cut down and removed, leaving the surrounding oak and hickory hardwoods. Shortleaf pines -- which help stabilize soils, control forest composition (minimizing undesirable species), and allow for natural disturbances -- will be planted in place of the loblolly pines. Over time, the stands of trees will be managed for hardwood species, resulting in a more natural forest community.
The timber that will be cut down will be sold. Money generated from sales will go exclusively toward reforestation and habitat restoration initiatives in the nature preserves.
For more information on the Loblolly Pine Management Program, contact Chris Matthews, Natural Resources manager, at 704 432-4531.