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​2015 State of the County Health Report Available Now

4/5/2016

HealthIn North Carolina, the state requires each local health department to conduct a Community Health Assessment (CHA) every four years for accreditation and as part of its consolidated contract.

In the years between health assessments, health departments submit an abbreviated State of the County Health Report (SOTCH) featuring an overview of community health indicators, including information on demographics, maternal, child and infant health, social determinants of health and leading causes of morbidity and mortality.

The report also highlights local programs and initiatives that are making progress in addressing the top four health issues identified by Mecklenburg County residents during the 2013 CHA: chronic disease prevention, mental health, access to care, and violence prevention. These snapshots of progress support the Healthy North Carolina 2020 goals for making North Carolina a healthier state.

 Some of the findings from the 2015 SOTCH include:

  • With a median age of 34.7 years, Mecklenburg is a young county compared with a state median age of 38.3 years.
  • Educational attainment and income are associated with health. About 10 percent of Mecklenburg County adults are without a high school diploma. This number doubles when looking at some areas of the county with low income and poor health outcomes.
  • Approximately 17 percent of County adults are current smokers.
  • Almost 1 in 5 or 18 percent of adults report no exercise.
  • 29 percent of adults have high blood pressure and 33 percent have high cholesterol.
  • 11 percent of adults report poor mental health during 8 or more of the past 30 days.
  • Chlamydia is the most commonly reported sexually transmitted infection.
  • 17 percent of adults report not being able to see the doctor because of cost during the past year.
  • The largest number of births (48 percent) is among women 30-39 years of age.
  • 34 percent of high school students report having at least one alcoholic drink in the past 30 days and 29 percent report using marijuana one or more times during the past month.
  • Cancer and cardiovascular disease are responsible for almost half of all deaths, Alzheimer’s disease is the third leading cause of death, and unintentional injury is the leading killer of young people, ages 1-44 years.