The City’s NPDES MS4 Permit and SWMP include the following core permit programs:
1. Public Education and Outreach Program – This program provides the general public as well as business and industry with valuable information on general water quality, pollution prevention, and reporting problems, as well as specialized information on various activities that have the potential to cause pollution and harm water quality. This information is provided using a wide range of media including print, radio, web and television.
2. Public Involvement and Participation Program – This program provides the general public as well as business and industry the opportunity to participate in various programs within the City’s SWMP. Charlotte-Mecklenburg government maintains a Storm Water Advisory Committee (SWAC), which is an appointed citizen panel to review and comment on the City’s and County’s stormwater programs. In addition, public volunteer opportunities are available with City/County programs such as Storm Drain Marking.
3. Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination Program – This program is designed to protect water quality by detecting and eliminating pollution sources from illicit connections such as improper sewage or wastewater connections; illegal discharges such as chemical, paint, or oil dumping; and spills such as sewer overflows or vehicle accidents involving discharges of fuel, oil, and other chemicals. As part of this program, the City enforces the “City of Charlotte - Storm Water Pollution Control Ordinance”, which prohibits the discharge of pollutants to the storm drain system and receiving streams. The City relies on reports from the public, various monitoring programs, and a wide range of other activities to assist in identifying and eliminating these sources of pollution. View the City’s Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination Policies and Procedures.
4. Construction Site Stormwater Runoff Control Program – The City maintains a delegated local erosion and sediment control program to control sediments and other pollutants from construction sites. As part of this, the program enforces the “City of Charlotte - Soil Erosion and Sedimentation Control Ordinance”, which requires proper erosion control on project sites. The City conducts routine inspections of construction sites and issues violation notices and fines when necessary to ensure compliance with the ordinance.
5. Post-Construction Stormwater Management Program – The City maintains a program to control the discharge of pollutants in stormwater runoff from new development and redevelopment projects. As part of this, the program enforces the “City of Charlotte – Post Construction Controls Ordinance”, which requires structural stormwater controls for applicable new development and redevelopment projects as defined in the ordinance. The program involves review and approval of project plans as well as site inspections and maintenance activities to ensure that treatment practices are properly operated and maintained.
6. Pollution Prevention/Good Housekeeping Program – This program focuses on ensuring that City facilities and field operations are managed in a way that minimizes stormwater pollutant discharges. Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plans and Spill Response Plans are prepared for applicable facilities that conduct activities with the potential for stormwater pollutant discharges. The City conducts annual inspections and training sessions at these facilities to ensure that requirements are being met. Field operations are evaluated for impacts on stormwater quality and best management practices are developed and implemented in order to minimize those impacts.
7. Industrial Facilities Evaluation and Monitoring Program – This program focuses on industrial facilities that discharge stormwater to the City’s MS4 and receiving streams. Inspections are conducted at these facilities on a rotational basis to review site operations and materials handling practices. In addition, if the facility has a stormwater permit, it is reviewed to ensure that permit conditions are adhered to.
8. Water Quality Assessment and Monitoring Program – The City maintains a water quality monitoring program and plan designed to monitor major streams to determine water quality conditions and assist in evaluating the effectiveness of various stormwater management programs. The program also is used to assist in locating illicit discharges and connections where possible.
9. Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) Program – The Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) program is required by the Clean Water Act and is basically a plan developed by the State or USEPA that is designed to address pollutants that are causing impairments to water bodies. The City’s NPDES permit requires that if the City is or becomes subject to an approved TMDL with an approved Waste Load Allocation (WLA) assigned to stormwater; then BMPs will be developed and implemented within the six minimum permit measures that are designed to reduce the TMDL pollutant of concern within the Permittee’s assigned MS4 NPDES regulated waste load allocation to the maximum extent practicable (MEP), and to the extent authorized by law.
For more information, contact City Water Quality Team Leader, Marc Recktenwald at 704-336-3122.