With the development of the City's Phase I Storm Water Program in 1993, there was a significant increase in monitoring activities, including monitoring during storm water flows beginning in 1995 followed by the monitoring of structural best management practices (BMPs) for pollutant removal efficiency in 1997. In 2003, Mecklenburg County and the Towns of Cornelius, Davidson, Huntersville, Matthews, Mint Hill, and Pineville developed a Phase II Storm Water Program that resulted in a significant increased in monitoring activities in these jurisdictions.
Goals of Charlotte-Mecklenburg's Water Quality Monitoring Program:
1. Identify general water quality conditions.
2. Track long and short term trends.
3. Assess the overall effectiveness of program activities.
4. Assess whether streams are fulfilling their designated uses.
5. Identify sources of water quality degradation.
6. Measure compliance with TMDLs.
7. Assess the effectiveness of BMPs at removing pollutants.
8. Support watershed management initiatives.
9. Communicate water quality conditions to the public.